When the non-conformist Bunyan’s Chapel was opened in 1877 - a building specifically
dedicated to worship - there was a reaction from the Anglican community. The religious
”census” of 1886 indicated that 36 of the 70 Preston families who had a religious
preference were “Church”. Following an approach by the vicar of St Mary, land owner
Ralston de Vins Pryor offered an acre of ground for the building of a new church
and burial ground, provided enough funds could be raised to build it.
In January 1862, there was a news report in the Hertfordshire Mercury of a death
at the church: ‘An awful case of sudden death occurred on Sunday morning last at
Preston Church, near this town. Miss Cook, (Mary, aged 35) daughter of Mr John Cook,
farmer of Hill End Farm, accompanied by her sister-in-law and other relatives attended
the morning service at Preston, a village a short distance from her residence, when
shortly after she had entered the church she fell forwards and was taken up a corpse.
An inquest was held on Monday before Mr C Times Esq. coroner for this district of
the county, when a verdict was returned - “Died from apoplexy”’.
In 1849, the Lord of the Manor, Thomas Darton, financed the construction of Preston
Charity School - a rather austere and plain brick building at what became known as
School Lane. From 1850 this new edifice of education doubled as a School on weekdays
and a makeshift church on Sundays. This was no doubt seen as a means of keeping contact
with the mother church, St Mary of Hitchin. It required a special licence to perform
a divine service in the school room which was granted by George, Lord Bishop of Rochester
on 27 June 1850.
Services were held here by a curate from St Mary. There was a gallery at the west
end of the church for the segregated household and staff of Temple Dinsley. This
was perhaps a visible reminder of the belief that the Lord had provided a place for
everyone and it was their duty to stay there.
A newly-built Anglican church at Preston
There was a flurry of correspondence about the proposed church and its Churchyard:
Preston Church Building
I am glad to hear of the settlement of the committee and of the progress made by
the meeting at the Vicarage and by your interview with the Bishop in giving shape
to the design and making a beginning by resolutions.
My doubt is respecting a Burial Ground which I have never contemplated, which appears
to me to involve many difficulties and to require much consideration.
After the policy of closing Burial Grounds and providing for burials by means of
a Cemetery governed by the representatives of all the ‘Parish Meetings’ or ‘Parishes’
interested, it seems to me doubtful whether it will be wise to open a new one.
1) This would be for the sake of two or three burials a year and would involve expense
and a small system of Registration outside the existing system.
2) The desire for this arises out of the old feeling of the Parish Church with its
churchyard around it for the burial of worshippers after death.
The law has altered this and it would be equally for those who worship there and
elsewhere. But it would be only for parishioners. I think this is inconsistent with
the position of Preston which consists not only of part of the parish of Hitchin
but also of St. Ippolyts (sic) with Kings Walden close at hand and Langley hamlet
not very far off. Surely there would be all sorts of claims and unpleasant feelings
The only reason I can think of for a Burial Ground is the anticipation that someday
a new parish might be constructed out of the neighbouring parishes to be independent
with an independent Burial Ground. This is not now contemplated and seems far too
difficult to be thought of now.
Apart from that, nothing seems to me more lonely and melancholy than a churchyard
with their few graves with some difficulty in making provision for their proper custody.
From what I remember of the advice of the Chancellor, Mr Hempe, on new Burial Grounds,
I believe that it will be found that to vest the land in the Ecclesiastical Commissioners
is the proper way to avoid difficulties and considerable expense.
Will you let me know what is the size of the site offered?
5 August 1898
Dear Canon Hensley,
My direction has been drawn to a paragraph in the Herts Express (see below) concerning
a part of the Parish (the hamlet of Preston) with which I was intimately connected
(as you know) some forty years ago. The paragraph to which I refer contains some
rather sad reading and I am sorry to see that funds at your disposal for Church matters
in your Parish are at so low an ebb! Indeed, I suppose it would be difficult to find
any Parish in these times where it was otherwise.
If I remember rightly, one of your late curates, Mr Arkwright I think, took up the
idea of a church for Preston but on his leaving Hitchin, it fell through I suppose
I do not at all know whether it is the intention of any large-minded and liberal
Churchman in the Parish to build a church at Preston – possibly the present occupier
of Temple Dinsley might be so disposed – but in consideration of my having spent
the two first years of my clerical life as your curate at Preston and of my always
taking more or less interest in the place, I shall have great pleasure in contributing
£100 towards so good an object as a new Church at Preston and I hope that some wealthier
than myself will be found to give sufficiently for its endowment.
J. E. Eadon
10 July 1898
A LETTER IN THE HERTFORDSHIRE EXPRESS -An Interesting Revival.
........Little or nothing seems to have been done for religion in Preston for the
long spell of three centuries and it is not yet fifty years ago that Thomas Harwood
Darton built the present schoolroom which was licensed by the Bishop of Rochester
and has ever since been used for Divine worship. We can now form an opinion as to
the ancient (pre-Reformation) piety and contrast it with the ‘religious use’ of more
modern times. But now something is happening to cheer on the Church in this neighbourhood
– something which shows we are truly awake to the value of the religion of our forefathers
– and this is the revival of Preston’s ancient Chapel of Ease. It is in accordance
with the fitness of things that the generosity of the present owner of Temple Dinsley
should take the form of presenting an acre of land as a site for the church and burial
ground and also that the present occupant of the mansion should head the subscription
list with £100. It remains for the Church at large and for the parishioners of the
ancient parish of Hitchin to supplement this liberality by their donations and gifts
till the requisite sum of £1,000 for the building fund be subscribed. Then the work
will be at once proceeded with. Up to the present, good friends have given over £400
and doubtless many more sympathisers will be drawn to help on account of the great
need that exists for supplying a population of about 340 people with their ancient
religious privileges – indeed one might say their rights. Preston is a lovely little
hamlet on high ground, three miles south of Hitchin; and, with so many interesting
historical associations, is well worthy of a visit from those unacquainted with the
country. At Messrs. Barclay and Co’s Bank, Hitchin branch, there has been opened
‘The Preston Church Building Fund’ into which all donations should be paid. And a
responsible committee with the honoured Vicar of Hitchin as chairman has undertaken
the burden of seeing this great work through.
Dear Canon Hensley,
I am very interested in your letter and very pleased with the announcement of Mr
Eadon’s gift, which, as you say, shows that help will come from unexpected quarters.
I may be wrong but I have never thought that one subscription list in a parish seriously
interferes with another in the long run because by all such lists generosity is drawn
forth and one class of minds will respond to help in one direction which would not
be drawn to help in the other...and a little kindly rivalry in such things is not
without its stimulus for the parish.
I shall hope that the school fund will get on all the better for the existence of
this other one because its need will be brought more into prominence. Statements
at intervals in the magazine as to its condition would, I think, be of use.
Mrs MacMillan says in a letter this morning, ‘“You may begin your subscription list
with our name for £100 and I hope to have some others to add to it before your return’.
Will you thank her personally?
Mr Cazenove also writes giving himself £25; his aunt Mrs Henry Cazenove, £10 and
a promise of a further donation when the work is in hand. Mrs Cazenove will now I
believe renew her correspondence with the Bishop so that you may have a letter from
him before long
A folded contributions card was produced in August 1898 to record gifts. On its front
page were listed the fund’s committee: Rev Canon Hensley, Rev B. N. Switzer, F.O.
MacMillan, Mrs MacMillan, Mrs Darton, English Harrison, R. de V. Pryor, and W. O.
Times. There were fund raising activities like the concert organised by Frederick
Armstrong of Preston Hill Farm which raised £11. The parish magazine charted the
fund’s progress: it is ‘a matter for much congratulation that the inhabitants of
Preston and their immediate friends have been instrumental in raising £500’.
By January 1899 the church fund had reached almost £800. A design for the church
was submitted which was costed at £1,200. The shortfall was quickly made up and on
11 November 1899 (St Martin’s Day) the foundation stone was laid by Mrs MacMillan,
a resident of Temple Dinsley.
The committee met on 28 January 1899 to consider the state of the Building Fund for
the new church and to hear the architect’s report on the plans. The subscription
list showed £785 so that further efforts must be made to increase it.
Mr T B Carter of 5 Staple Inn, London submitted a very complete design, the estimated
cost of which is £1,200. It was found impossible to produce a satisfactory plan for
a church with the required accommodation for under this sum; it was therefore accepted
and, when more money is in hand, will be proceeded with. The church will seat 162
persons. The furniture, fees etc will be extra, but it is hoped that much of the
furniture will be presented. There is already the Reredos, the Pulpit and the East
Window. The Altar, Lectern and Font will perhaps appeal to the generosity of some.
Two bells also will be required as well as the necessary books. The architect has
promised a complete list which will be published as soon as it is received. The seats
are to be chairs. The graveyard surrounding the church will be a great boon to Preston
which till now has used Hitchin Cemetery for burials. Part of Preston being in Ippollitts
parish, the Vicar is arranging for an offertory in support of the Building Fund and
it is expected that one or two will be collected at St Mary for the building of a
new church in a parish is surely calculated to interest all and enlist their help.We
insert prints of the new church of St Martin at Preston (above) as it will appear
The building is going on apace –faster, indeed, than the rate at which the funds
are now coming in. Before all necessary expenses can be met, at least £350 more will
have to be subscribed. Within the past month, about £15 has been added to the Building
Fund, nearly £4 coming from Preston itself. This included £2 2s 11d, the offertories
at the Harvest Thanksgiving Services on 24 September 1899, diverted for the present
from Hitchin Infirmary but doubtless to be restored to it in due course with interest.
Since January last, the Sunday School box has returned 18s 3d and the Church Alms
Box, 10s 4d.
Laying the Foundation Stone
This solemn and interesting ceremony, as being notified in our last issue, took place
on 11 November 1899, being St Martin’s Day.
A procession started from the Schools towards the site of the new church at 12 o’clock,
consisting of the choirs of St Mary and Preston, six clergy and about 250 people.
During the march, The Church’s One Foundation was sung. When the congregation had
taken their places, the Vicar proceeded with the service, at one point laying his
hand upon the stone and repeated a prayer.
At the time arranged, the lime was spread by Mrs Macmillan, who laid the Stone and
then the Vicar pronounced a blessing. He also addressed those present; in the course
of his remarks, he referred to the growing feeling of the need for a church at Preston
and to the way in which that need was now being supplied. He hoped that many blessings
would result to the village and worshippers in generations to come and that the church
would always be well attended. He referred to the name of St Martin as a most appropriate
one for the church. It seemed, he said, to spring up in several minds at the same
time and brought them back to the times before St Augustine came on his mission to
England. It was the name of the oldest church in England (St Martin, Canterbury)
and although not connected with the Knights Templar who once lived at Preston, the
name of this soldier, missionary, bishop, true saint would ever call to charity and
devoted service. The Templars, who formerly had a chapel at Preston, probably used
St Mary in their dedications which was already the name of the Parish Church and
therefore St Martin, Preston would be the dedicatory name of the present building
which would, he hoped, be consecrated next summer.
On the conclusion of the ceremony, the procession returned to the Schools singing
All People that on Earth Do Dwell. The collections amounted to £11 2s 0d leaving
£10 for the Building Fund after deduction for expenses. The weather was very fine
and pleasant for November, although somewhat windy.
The church will be ready for consecration next summer and the Bishop has signified
that the 11 July will be a suitable date. A list of necessary articles of furniture
etc. Which the Committee would gladly see presented to the church will be published
in next month’s magazine. In the meantime, the work of collecting subscriptions is
being carried on and in this direction much still remains to be done.
As the Bishop of St Albans said, a series of ‘important events in the life of our
Parish’ took place on 11 July 1900.
We speak now of more especially of Preston where stands today, as a testimony to
the life and activity of the Church of God in our midst, a beautiful new building
dedicated and consecrated to the service of God as a Chapel of Ease to the ancient
Parish Church of St Mary, Hitchin. Surrounding this is the new churchyard, an acre
of consecrated ground, where (to quote the Bishop again) the bodies of the sleeping
saints will be ‘deposited’.
In perfect summer weather, Preston was visited by the Bishop of St Albans accompanied
by nine of his clergy, namely; The Rev Canon Hensley, The Revds. B N Switzer and
J G Williams (Hitchin), J E Eadon (Steveange), Canon Nairne (Baldock), G S Clayton
(Kings Walden), L Stevens (Kimpton), T G M Macmorran (Ippollitts) and E A Ley (Manningtree).
There were also present officially, Messrs. A Day (Diocesan Registrar), W T Lucas,
F Shillitoe (Churchwardens), R de V Pryor, G Ware (Chapelwardens), W O Times (Solicitor),
H G Moulden, T Ashton (Organists), W Allen (Verger) and the choirs of St Martin’s
and St Mary’s.
At 2 p.m., the procession started from the schoolroom and walked the distance of
about 500 yards to the Church, singing hymns: Onward Christian Soldiers and Saviour,
At the west door, the petition to consecrate was presented to the Bishop by the Vicar
of Hitchin, Canon Hensley, and read by the Registrar and then the services proceeded
in the presence of about 600 people, many of whom, owing to the limited accommodation
of St Martin, remained in the churchyard until the time came for its consecration.
It was noted that the consecration of a churchyard was an important event in the
life of a parish, for it was one that seldom happened.
Many valuable and handsome gifts have been presented for the new church....The offertory
at the consecration amounted to £62 17s 9d and about £200 is needed now to free the
Building Committee from all anxiety as to its liabilities.
The congregations have been large since the opening of the church.
Among the gifts are the following: Large iron mat or scraper for West Door by Mr
H Barham (Sun Street); large lamp (100-candle power for gallery) by Messrs. Williams
and Son (Sun Street); a very handsome brass chandelier for the chancel by Mrs Macmillan;
cushion for the Altar and hanging for prayer desk by Miss Brooke; Alms Dish and Communion
Linen by Mr C E Percival (London); Lenten Frontal by Mr H G Moulden; candlesticks
by Mr F W Phillips.
Mrs L A Hill (Queen Street) has collected for the Building Fund £1 5s 0d, part being
a thank-offering from herself.
The consecration of St Martin
For a photographic tour of the interior of St Martin, use this link:St Martin 2009